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Column Co-Editors: Craig Campbell, MD and Joseph Szot, MD

This column aims to provide a list of insightful publications on topics of interest to teaching faculty and professionals in CME/CPD.

Publications and Scholarship

Continuing professional development challenges in a rural setting: A mixed-methods study.

Health professionals in rural settings treat a wide variety of medical conditions requiring a large breadth of knowledge to manage this clinical practice. This manuscript uses mixed methods (interviews, focus groups, observation and questionnaires) to identify barriers and challenges to CPD in rural settings.

Campos-Zamora M, Gilbert H, Esparza-Perez RI, Sanchez-Mendiola M, Gardner R, Richards JB, Lumbreras-Marquez MI, Dobiesz VA. Perspect Med Educ. 2022 Aug 9. doi: 10.1007/s40037-022-00718-8. Online ahead of print.

Advancing Curriculum Development and Design in Health Professions Education: A Health Equity and Inclusion Framework for Education Programs.

This manuscript uses a case example to illustrate the development of a Health Equity and Inclusion (HEI) framework for education and training rooted in the Analyze, Design, Development, Implement and Evaluate model for instructional design.

Agic B, Fruitman H, Maharaj A, Taylor J, Ashraf A, Henderson J, Ronda N, McKenzie K, Soklaridis S, Sockalingam S. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2022 Aug 9. doi: 10.1097/CEH.0000000000000453. Online ahead of print.PMID: 35940600

Digital Transformation of Faculty Development: Responding and Supporting Academia During Disruptions Caused by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.

This article describes one institution rapid transition of a digital transformation necessitated by the disruption of the COVID 19 pandemic to meet their needs for faculty development. Analysis was based on the reach component for the RE-AIM framework.

Yilmaz Y, McDonald PJ, Locke S, Lal S, Bayer I, Tong XC, Kundi A, Chan TM. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2022 Aug 9. doi: 10.1097/CEH.0000000000000439. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35940599

Revitalizing audit and feedback to improve patient care.

A widely used tool in quality improvement is audit and feedback. In this article the authors make the case that the full potential of audit and feedback could be achieved using a more evidence- based and imaginative approach.

Foy R, Skrypak M, Alderson S, Ivers NM, McInerney B, Stoddart J, Ingham J, Keenan D. BMJ. 2020 Feb 27;368:m213. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m213. PMID: 32107249

Accreditation rules ensure that CME serves the needs of patients and the public.

This brief letter was in response to an article Industry-funded medical education is always promotion—an essay by Adriane Fugh-Berman.

BMJ 2021; 373 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n1273 (Published 04 June 2021).

In his response Dr. McMahon discusses the safeguards in place to prevent commercial bias in CME. McMahon GT. BMJ. 2021 Jul 21;374:n1780. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n1780. PMID: 34289979 No abstract available.

Understanding organizational culture for healthcare quality improvement.

In this manuscript the authors explore how culture of healthcare organizations relate to service performance, quality safety and improvement.

Mannion R, Davies H. BMJ. 2018 Nov 28;363:k4907. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k4907.PMID: 30487286

Trends in Adverse Event Rates in Hospitalized Patients, 2010-2019.

This serial cross-sectional study used data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System from 2010 to 2019 to assess adverse events in four condition groups and included over 244,000 patients. Analysis shoed a significant decrease in adverse event rates in the four conditions.

Eldridge N, Wang Y, Metersky M, Eckenrode S, Mathew J, Sonnenfeld N, Perdue-Puli J, Hunt D, Brady PJ, McGann P, Grace E, Rodrick D, Drye E, Krumholz HM. JAMA. 2022 Jul 12;328(2):173-183. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.9600. PMID: 35819424

Consensus-Based Development of an Assessment Tool: A Methodology for Patient Engagement in Primary Care and CPD Research.

This study used a validated consensus method, the nominal group technique (NGT), to identify patient reported experience measures (PREM) related to cardiovascular disease preventions deemed most important by both patients and providers. The results highlight the patient experience and the therapeutic relationship. Questionnaires of prioritized PREM items maybe a valuable in CPD and quality improvement.

Lin E, Gobraeil J, Johnston S, Venables MJ, Archibald D. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2022 Jun 14. doi: 10.1097/CEH.0000000000000440. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35916890

Peer evaluation and feedback for invasive medical procedures: a systematic review.

This was a systematic review of Medline and Embase that identified studies of peer evaluation and feedback related to procedures in internal medicine and its related subspecialties. It concluded that peer evaluation of invasive medical procedures is feasible and generally demonstrates good or excellent inter-observer agreement when structured tools are used.

Thai T, Louden DKN, Adamson R, Dominitz JA, Doll JA. BMC Med Educ. 2022 Jul 29;22(1):581. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03652-9. PMID: 35906652

Investigating acceptability of a training programme in precision medicine for frontline healthcare professionals: A mixed methods study.

This manuscript reports the results of 2 focus groups that assessed the evidence-based approach to needs assessment to investigate the current level of knowledge of Precision Medicine, content for training and motivation to participate among pharmacist, advance practice nurses and general practitioners.

Mitchell S, Jaccard E, Schmitz FM, von Känel E, Collombet P, Cornuz J, Waeber G, Guessous I, Guttormsen S. BMC Med Educ. 2022 Jul 19;22(1):556. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03613-2. PMID: 35850770

Costs of Physician Continuous Professional Development: A Systematic Review.

This was a systematic review of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Database for comparative cost evaluations of CPD for practicing physicians. Certain components contribute more to total costs than others and should be prioritized in cost evaluations.

Cook DA, Wilkinson JM, Foo J. Acad Med. 2022 Jul 6. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000004805. PMID: 35830262

Dr. Craig Campbell is Director of Curriculum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada.

Dr. Joseph Szot is Associate Dean for CME and Integrative Education, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa, US.

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